The secret city of Chernobyl-2 in 2018 PHOTOS
A few days ago we were lucky to get to the secret town of Chernobyl-2, where the most interesting military secrets of the Soviet Union hide. What happened here before the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant? What did the Soviet military and scientists in this territory do? What plans did not come true?
What is DUGA (radar station) in Chernobyl ?
“DUGA” (5n32) is a Soviet over-the-horizon radar for an early detection system for intercontinental ballistic missile launches. This is the largest and most beautiful object in the Chernobyl zone
Developmen DUGA (radar station) in Chernobyl
Until the mid-1980s, it was a top secret facility, allowing you to track high-flying targets at a distance of 900 to 3000 kilometers in the circumpolar region. With the help of the most powerful and ultramodern radars at that time, the military was able, in the literal sense of the word, to look beyond the horizon. Thanks to such abilities, this complex was named “Duga-1”. Designers and developers: Franz Kuzminsky, Efim Shtyren, V. Shamshin, Ether Shustov, V. Vasyukov. Project Institute: NIIDAR (Research Institute of Long-Distance Radio Communication).
Construction of the Chernobyl-2 facility
The radar operated in the frequency range of 5-28 MHz.
It is difficult to talk about the exact geometric dimensions of ZGRLS. The data of public sources are contradictory and, probably, inaccurate. The antennas are built on the principle of a phased array antenna. Since one antenna could not cover such a wide frequency band, the whole range is divided into two subbands, and two antenna arrays are also supplied:
Low-frequency antenna: height of masts from 135 to 150 meters, length – from 300 to 500 meters. On Google Maps, the length is 460 meters.
High-frequency antenna: about 250 meters in length and up to 100 meters in height. The length of the maps is 230 meters.
At this size, the object is visible from almost anywhere in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone.
Chornobyl-2 in 2018 in the winter
Chornobyl-2 in winter is very beautiful. The large DGR antenna DUGA is impressive.
The secret city of Chernobyl-2 has its secrets
The Duga in the secret town of Chernobyl-2 for the characteristic sound on the air, issued at work (knock), was named Russian Woodpecker (Russian woodpecker).
Served as a prototype for the “Wall” in the series of films “Divergent”.
DUGA antenna in the secret city of Chernobyl-2
The purpose of the Russian Woodpecker remained a mystery. Conspiracy theories ranged from Soviet mind control to weather experiments.
DUGA was accepted for combat duty of the USSR in 1985, and in 1986 the system was completely modernized and began to pass a state acceptance. Prior to upgrading, the use of DUGA was difficult, since part of the operating frequency range coincided with the frequency of operation of aircraft systems. After modernization, this problem of coincidence of the operating frequencies of the ZHRLS with the frequencies of civil aviation was solved. However, after the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident in 1986, the Chernobyl-2 facility ceased to carry combat duty.
The command center in the military town of Chernobyl-2 in 2018 still retained Soviet military secrets
The center in the military town of Chernobyl-2 is very interesting in that there were control panels, buttons, Soviet slogans and offices for training recruits in the premises. In the photo you can see the training control panel for the DUGA.
Types of missiles that the DUGA was supposed to follow:
The keypad in the secret city of Chernobyl-2:
Computer Center in Chernobyl-2
The computer center in the military town is a room with large metal frames, in which computers were computers.
The secret city of Chernobyl-2 in 2018, there were families of the military
The town of Chernobyl-2 is located to the north-west of the small Polesie town of Chernobyl, but it can not be found on any topographic map. When examining maps, you will most likely find signs of a boarding house for children, or dotted lines of forest roads on the site of the city, but not just the designations of urban and technical buildings. In the USSR, they knew how to hide secrets, especially if it was a military secret.
It was lucky to see such beauty one of these days. Red sunset over the radioactive forest near Duga. What can be more beautiful!
And the most interesting: a secret bunker in the city of Chernobyl-2
Like all military cities, Chernobyl-2 has a bunker in case of war. But it is in this town that everything is covered with secrets and legends. What kind of bunker is this? What’s inside? We never managed to get into it, as everything is securely closed. It is said that there is another bunker on the territory of Chernobyl-2. Soon we will try to get there ..
Another mysterious place in the Chernobyl zone: